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From Policy to Practice: An Assessment of Biosecurity Practices in Cattle, Sheep and Goats Production, Marketing and Slaughter in Baringo County, Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Mutua, Edna N.
dc.contributor.author Bett, Bernard K.
dc.contributor.author Bukachi, Salome A.
dc.contributor.author Estambale, Benson A.
dc.contributor.author Nyamongo, Isaac K.
dc.date.accessioned 2022-04-08T09:14:54Z
dc.date.available 2022-04-08T09:14:54Z
dc.date.issued 2022-04
dc.identifier.citation Mutua EN, Bett BK, Bukachi SA, Estambale BA, Nyamongo IK (2022) From policy to practice: An assessment of biosecurity practices in cattle, sheep and goats production, marketing and slaughter in Baringo County, Kenya. PLoS ONE 17(4): e0266449. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0266449 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0266449
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/558
dc.description A research article en_US
dc.description.abstract Globally, biosecurity is instrumental in prevention, control and management of livestock dis- eases and protection of human health. It is defined, prescribed, adopted and enforced through global, regional and national frameworks, laws, policies and strategies. There is more biosecurity practice research conducted in developed countries than developing ones. Consequently, the gap between the ideals recommended in biosecurity frameworks and what is practical in under-resourced rural settings is poorly understood. This anthropological study sought to assess adoption of biosecurity practices across a cattle, sheep and goat value chains continuum to demonstrate where risks lie. The cross-sectional mixed-methods study took place in Baringo County, Kenya. Qualitatively, it utilized 26 focus group discus- sions with community members and 10 observational interviews with slaughter facility work- ers. Quantitatively, it included a household survey with 560 community members and a separate survey with 231 livestock traders. Results show that producers, traders and slaughter facility workers did observe some biosecurity practices but not others due but not limited to personal preference, limitations in veterinary service delivery and enforcement of some biosecurity measures, and lack of requisite infrastructure. The study concludes that the implementation of biosecurity measures in rural settings is more complex than envi- sioned in biosecurity policies and frameworks. It can be hampered by resource limitations, poor enforcement, and contestations with cultural practices. The study recommends that further studies on willingness to adopt biosecurity measures targeting community members in under-resourced settings be conducted to identify possible critical points of intervention at county and national levels. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This study, nested in WHO/TDR/IDRC Project ID B20278, received financial assistance from the World Health Organization’s Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) through a grant agreement with the International Development Research Centre of Canada (106905–00). This work was also partly supported by The CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health led by the International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington. There was no additional external funding received for this study. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher PLoS ONE en_US
dc.subject biosecurity practices en_US
dc.subject goats production en_US
dc.subject Cattle production en_US
dc.subject Baringo County en_US
dc.subject Kenya en_US
dc.title From Policy to Practice: An Assessment of Biosecurity Practices in Cattle, Sheep and Goats Production, Marketing and Slaughter in Baringo County, Kenya en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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