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An Analysis of the Socio-Economic Impact of the New Integrated National Transport Policy

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dc.contributor.author Gicheru, Esther
dc.contributor.author Migwi, Wanjohi
dc.contributor.author M’Imanyara, Kirianki
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-11T20:21:49Z
dc.date.available 2016-07-11T20:21:49Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/136
dc.description.abstract Paratransit is a mode of transport that operates parallel to an organized, usually large scale government or government subsidized transport system. Paratransit is the main public transport in Kenya and it is estimated that it controls 80 per cent of the public transport. The number of “matatus” is estimated at eighty thousand; twenty and sixty thousand, in Nairobi and upcountry, respectively. Seventy per cent of the “matatus”, which are commonly referred to as “Nissans” and valued at ksh.50 billions/USD 625millions are 14-seater vehicles. The intention of the Legal Notices No. 161 of 2003, No. 83 of 2004 and No. 65 of 2005 was to regulate the public transport sector as part of the Integrated National Transport Policy (INTP), while the National Road Safety Action Plan (NRSAP) was meant to restore order, reduce accidents, increase passenger safety, reduce conflicts and safeguard private investment in the public transport sector. Other objectives were, to facilitate the transition of the paratransit business from the informal to the formal economy, increase employment opportunities and inculcate a culture of respect for the motor sector regulations. The Government’s preferred strategy to tame this sector and reap the expected benefits was to direct all current and potential paratransit operators to upgrade their 14-seater vehicles to high capacity of more than 25 seats and to establish matatu SACCOs, as a condition for licensing of their vehicles to operate as public service vehicles. The formulation and implementation of this policy was top down, rather than bottom up. Inadequate stakeholder consultation and consensus-building during policy formulation and implementation resulted in low understanding of the policy, low ownership and low implementation. Individual paratransit operators and existing Matatu SACCOs that are operating predominantly 14-seater matatus are fiercely resisting these preconditions terming them, insensitive, draconian, too expensive to implement and likely to force them out of business. The purpose of this study therefore, was to analyze the socio-economic impacts of the integrated National Transport Policy, on the 14-seats transport SACCOs, in Kenya. Shared leadership, is understood to be participatory decision-making, and is part of participatory democracy. It has been argued that to achieve participatory democracy in the co-operatives, leadership needs to be less formalized and hierarchical and, move towards being defined by its ability to mobilize the energies and commitments of people through the creation of shared values and shared understanding, with the aim of framing, bridging and broadening ownership in the leadership process. This study, concludes that, leadership in matatu SACCOs in Kenya, is generally concentrated in the top leadership, with most organizations enforcing a structure that is hierarchical and concentrated in the hands of the chairperson, executive committee and, the Board of Directors, in that ascending order. The manner and extent to which, members of co-operatives participate meaningfully in the governance and management of their organizations has, for a long time, been considered a critical element in their success and sustainability. It has been recommended that in order to build effective systems of members’ participation that are adapted to representative and direct systems of decision making, co-operatives need to consider restructuring the organization away from the bureaucratic, pyramid-shaped hierarchy to, a flatter structure with more delegated authority and responsibility. This Study indicates that membership communities are loosely defined and without strong voice in the governance and management of their matatu SACCOs. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title An Analysis of the Socio-Economic Impact of the New Integrated National Transport Policy en_US

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